Intrauterine insemination or IUI is the initial step in managing male factor infertility.

The procedure involves the placement of about 0.3 ml – 0.5 ml of washed, processed and concentrated sperm in to the uterine cavity by means of a transcervical catheter.

Washing will remove the seminal factors and isolate pure sperm. if unwashed semen containing the seminal plasma is introduced in the uterine cavity it may result in severe cramping due to prostaglandins.

The success rates range from 8% - 20%

Indications of IUI
  • Hostile Cervical Mucus
  • Cervical Stenosis
  • Oligospermia or Asthenospermia
  • Immune Factor (Male and Female)
  • Congenital Absence of vas (bilateral)
  • Male factor like impotency or anatomical defect (hypospadias) but normal ejaculate can be obtained
  • Unexplained Infertility